Asian freeway plan and the future prospect

[Elapse in the conventional Asian freeway[


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It is " at the silk road " ( the silk road(Œ¦‚Μ“Ή) ) to say vulgarly that, as the way of linking east and west in the Eurasian Continent than the ancient times, it is best known. The field is, leading to Rome via the sight to see which invites loneliness(—·D) on a journey such as Dunhuang(“ΦΰŠ=cf.photograh) , Loulan(˜O—–) , Samarkand (ƒTƒ}ƒ‹ƒJƒ“ƒh) then from the city and Changan(’·ˆΐ) in China. It is possible to say the pioneer who became the shortest distance to Rome then and showed the daily " sense " of the person fully, too.

If originally passing the public transport system ( the road, the railroad ) which is modern through this place, the dwelling comes at short time and east and west on Eurasia will be able to be laid. However, now, it becomes favorable from the fare change which the passage figured out from the burden and almost, it becomes a ship passage.

By the way, when seeing the Asian freeway which is situated on the lower part ( going south ) from " the silk road ", it takes Cambodia, Thai, Myanmar, Bangladesh, India and a complicated curve from Hanoi in Vietnam on the beachfront and moreover it passes Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran and so on and the distance, too, extends the part. Moreover, that there is a zone ( Bangladesh = the part bridge plan are and so on) for which it is impossible to have amicable relations in the fen in the rainy season and linking these are not an easy thing.

αElapse in the conventional Asian freewayβ

The one where an Asian freeway was adopted in the general meeting ( of ) " United Nations Economic Commission for Asia and the Far East " ( ECAFE ) with the 15th time ( present ESCAP =Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific) which was hosted by broadcloth Beach in Australia in 1959

This road consists of 41 freeway, the full length reaches about 66000 km and specifies 14 freeway, about 38000 km in the major road.

Behind in Haussmannization in Myanmar ( old Burma ) under the stratocracy most among the concerned nations and it is divided into the area in the southeast from the west and Thai from Bangladesh after here ( After that, it continues more on Malay Peninsula ).

In case of implementing an Asian freeway, it considers the financial situation of every country and it makes step-by-step construction building basic.Also, it is connected with the European freeway network in the border in Turkey and Iran and it plays an important role.

In 1995, " the new Asia freeway " plan obtained approval. It is in the route in China that, in this plan, it becomes one focus. China had priority over transport policy in its own country so far most, but this time, it was added to the new freelway with Mongolia and was approved.

At present, Qinhuang Dao and moreover Shenyang get the financing of Asian Development Bank ( ADB ) and so on, and aim to be complete in 2000 from Beijing and the construction of the expressway has begun with inside China ( Beijing - Qinhuang Dao are already complete according to the material and so on Moreover, Qinhuang Dao - Shenyang, the railway which links the interval of Shenyang - Dandong and so on, too, are begun ).

In the future, the left section runs through a North and South Korea peninsula and Pyongyang, Seoul and Pusan, the route to say to Kyushu in Japan and the Republic of Korea undersea tunnel from there are assumed.

@(cf: "Japan-Korea-Undersea-Tunnel" ifrom Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)


αAsian freeway plan and the future prospectβ

1992-93: By the financial support of Japanese Government, the investigation of the reconsideration of the Asian freeway network which included an expansion area was accomplished.

1993: At the expert meeting, a new Asia freeway plan was approved. The number of the Asian freeway is 29, and the new plan with 68300 km of total length services and it integrates existing freeway and adds the new freeway of China, Mongolia.

The revision of the road design standard:

1 ) It unbuckled the gravel road which was admitted by classification
2 ) old standard by four types from the new standard from the standard in seven pieces of classification by new standard
3 ) old standard of the driveway and it made a 2 lane paved road a lowest standard

1995: Approval from every country is gotten and a new Asia freeway plan is formally started. There is possibility to connect with Central Asia, Russia in future in the Asian freeway. North Korea, Korea and then, moreover, connecting with Japan, too, is not a dream.

2002: So far, it was a route planning in the Asian freeway which continued having a hard sailing, but the expert meeting which was done in May, 2002 bound up an original plan, the participating nation linked a written agreement in November and became the plan to begin to be moved to the realization.

At first, Japan was taking the situation of " the nonparticipation " in the plan while it was the biggest assisting country to the same project.

However, Japanese Government is stored in Japan-domestic's " route " selection at present in the intention to participate in the multilateral government agreement of " the Asian freeway " network which is fixed within several years.

2003: The Japan's participation decision in Tokyo about the starting point of Asian freeway " the No. 1 line " The participation of Japan to " the Asian freeway " plan which extends to Turkey via the Eurasian Continent from East Asia was decided.

It was incorporated into " the government-to-government agreement " which was adopted at the expert meeting of " Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific " ( ESCAP ) " in the United Nations " which was opened in Bangkok until November 18th.

The starting point of the line of aorta " No. 1 " which was " Korea and Pusan " so far in Japan's participation becomes " Tokyo ".

It doesn't build a new road and it prepares " the Asian freeway " and a written common sign for existing road.
32 countries of participation participate in the ESCAP general meeting where an agreement is opened in Shanghai in April, 2004. Eight countries come into force with the ratified step.

" The No. 1 line " that Tokyo becomes a starting point extends to Istanbul from Fukuoka, Seoul, Beijing and New Delhi Kabul. The probability that existing expressways such as " Tomei "(start from Tokyo to Nagoya) and " Meishin "(start from Nagoya to Kobe) are specified by Japan-domestic

2004: Signed with " the agreement document " of 23 countries in the Asian freeway, 32 countries

A regular general meeting in the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacific ( ESCAP ) which promotes " the Asian freeway " plan which links east and west in the Eurasian Continent was China and Shanghai on April 26th, 2004, and was done and signing " the agreement document " of 23 countries ( the signature, 20 countries sign in Japan, China and Uzbekistan ), ( presupposing domestic ratification ) during 32 countries of participation

As for nine countries ( North Korean and Russian India Malaysia and so on ) of the other, it didn't sign a reason in the domestic affairs. When final, it has the ratification of " eight countries " and it comes into force via the 90th.


αAsian HighwayβThe Asian Highway network is a regional transport cooperation initiative aimed at enhancing the efficiency and development of the road infrastructure in Asia, supporting the development of Euro-Asia transport linkages and improving connectivity for landlocked countries.

αUNITED NATIONS Economic and Social Commission for Asia and Pacificβ

Asian Highway Route Map

Date:

Tuesday, November 1, 2016


žIntergovernmental Agreement on the Asian Highway Network

Date: Tuesday, February 9, 2016
@Type: Official documents

@αAbstractβ

The Intergovernmental Agreement on the Asian Highway Network is the first treaty to have been developed under the auspices of the UNESCAP secretariat and deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

It provides a framework for coordinated development of the international highways in Asia, as well as between Asia and Europe, giving the member countries a platform to discuss technical and institutional issues to improve the quality of the network and increase the efficiency of its operation.

The Agreement is an important tool to facilitate international trade and tourism, promote regional integration and enhance international cooperation.

It was adopted on 18 November 2003 by an intergovernmental meeting held in Bangkok, was open for signature in April 2004 in Shanghai and entered into force on 4 July 2005.

ž34. Intergovernmental Agreement on the Asian Highway Network
@@@@αBangkok, 18 November 2003β


αLatest informationβ(2016`j

@(cf: "Asian Highway"|Latest Updates|)

žChina, Mongolia and Russian Federation to open up new era of trade cooperation
@@@α9 Dec 2016β

žAsia-Pacific transport ministers discuss a regional roadmap for sustainable transport connectivity
@@@α8 Dec 2016β

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